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Right of Access to Justice

About this right

The right of access to justice includes a series of guarantees and rights. These include presumption of innocence and the right to defense (Art. 11 Universal Declaration of Human Rights). As well, as access to competent, independent and impartial courts (Art. 14 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights).

Judicial protection also established as the right of every person to an effective resource before competent judges or tribunals for acts that violate their rights (Art. 25 American Convention on Human Rights).

The right of victims to have access to the mechanisms of justice and to prompt compensation for the harm suffered (numeral 4, Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power). In this sense, the administration of justice should be able to provide quality services that effectively protect people, on equal terms and without discrimination.